Typhoid 

Infectious agent: The bacterium Salmonella Typhi

Main symptom(s): Fever and headache. Some people have rose spots on the trunk of the body. Constipation or diarrhoea may occur.

Where is it most commonly found?

Typhoid outbreaks are more common in countries or areas with poor sanitation, poor food hygiene and untreated drinking water. This can include parts of the Indian subcontinent, most countries in South-East Asia, many south Pacific nations and Papua New Guinea.

How are you likely to catch the disease?

Direct faecal-oral contamination or by consuming contaminated water or food.

Who needs to be vaccinated?

All travellers over 2 years of age travelling to areas where typhoid is endemic (commonly present).

How is the vaccination given?

A single injection. You can also take it orally as a course of three capsules, each taken two days apart.

How long will the vaccination protect you for?

Boosters at 3-yearly intervals if you’re still at risk.

Other protective measures you can take

Food and water hygiene and hand washing precautions.