Infectious agent: The bacterium Vibrio cholerae
Main symptom(s): Severe diarrhoea
Where is it most commonly found?
Cholera is mainly found in areas of poor hygiene and sanitation.
How are you likely to catch the disease?
Direct faecal-oral contamination or by consuming contaminated water or food.
Who needs to be vaccinated?
People at considerable risk; for example, if you’re working in humanitarian disaster and relief situations or if you’re travelling to an area that has a cholera epidemic (a widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time).
How is the vaccination given?
As an oral liquid – you’ll need two doses between one and six weeks apart, with the second dose taken at least a week before you travel.
How long will the vaccination protect you for?
The cholera vaccine doesn't give you lifelong immunity – talk to your doctor regarding booster doses.
Other protective measures you can take
Food and water hygiene and hand washing precautions